Making the Wrong Impression

How sites with dubious content are attracting ads from blue-chip brands

What do Jaguar, Fiat, Jeep, Sheraton and Hewlett-Packard have in common? What about Westin Hotels, Citibank and JetBlue? Not only are they blue-chip, discerning brands, they're also heavy advertisers on sites like,, and, all properties of company called AlphaBird.

“We’re an audience company,” said CEO Chase Norlin. “We’re paid to acquire audiences on the Web. We look more like a search company. We’re really good at buying SEM traffic.”

It turns out, AlphaBird is also getting into the content business—and if you've never heard of these sites, neither have most media buyers. Still, they recently started delivering tons of impressions via supply-side buying platforms (SSPs) like Admeld and Pubmatic. According to one buyer, recently went from 250,000 available impressions to 5 million in a matter of weeks.

Similarly, the site, from Genesis Media, has seen its inventory pool balloon via various SSPs. The site’s content is composed of loads of autoplay video ads from Nissan, Audi and Chevrolet and links to

The Web has never been short on dubious players, including domain squatters that load ads on pages that frequently pop up in generic searches. And in the case of AlphaBird, content isn’t exactly on par with The Economist. In fact, at one point last week, was populated exclusively with press releases. 

Same goes for, which, in addition to several "articles about fitness," included a press release about Facebook's Timeline. Last week, featured a mix of press releases with links to articles from Bloomberg and Reuters, while featured an article culled from Yahoo News—with LinkedIn misspelled in the headline. A similar level of quality exists on, and The site almost entirely features articles from one author, Philip Loyd, who claims to have written for other websites, including Demand Media's

At least the video series featured on most AlphaBird sites, 90 Second Reviews, is original, if curious. Between autoplay ads, the show’s host reviews movies such as Goodfellas (released in 1990), along with review sites such as Rotten Tomatoes and WebMd.

To be sure, these sites don’t seem to attract heavy user engagement. So why the surge in traffic? Media buyers suspect these companies are somehow paying for clicks or duping lost searchers. Still, they can command a decent premium via SSPs, since they can be easily labeled as delivering valued audiences such as auto buyers. Meanwhile, the content—since it's not racy, merely lousy—doesn’t raise alarms with verification software from companies such as DoubleVerify.

“There are ways to technically avoid buying this inventory,” said one digital buyer. “But most advertisers don’t even know how or where to look.”

Google says it is taking a hard look at these vendors. “We’ve recently become aware of an issue affecting several SSPs with a number of sites that appear to gaming the system,” said a Google rep. “We are investigating…Bad actors like this harm the entire ecosystem.”

“It’s definitely a new way to think about the publishing business,” added a buyer who counts travel and automakers as clients. “Content isn’t king.”

Naturally, AlphaBird sees things differently. The syndicator claims to be making a very real attempt to push into the media business, including hiring veteran content producers. “We see ourselves looking like Glam Media or Gorilla Nation—we’re taking this very, very seriously,” said Norlin. “We’re building a very legitimate business on Fortune 1,000 brands.”

In fact, AlphaBird recently brought on former Endemol executive Russell Naftal to serve as of svp, development and programming. “Am I happy with 90 Second Reviews? No,” he said. “But we think we’re going to build an audience with these sites and start getting a lot of return visitors. This is what audiences have come to expect to see, and it’s how you build a publishing business.”

While AlphaBird vows to improve, Genesis said it is getting away from the world of subpar content. And its media aspirations are much smaller. CEO Andrew Reis said sites like are the result of an earlier merger. “This is not our long-term business," he said.