How to Stop Influencer Fraud Before It Starts

Opinion: Agencies have plenty of resources to apply against this growing issue

It's time to battle the bots
R_Type/iStock

Last Saturday’s story in The New York Times, The Follower Factory, further exposed the serious issue of fraud that lurks within the influencer space on Twitter and other platforms, as well.

The story outed Devumi, a company with a fake Manhattan address that appears to make its money by generating fake followers for social media celebrities and influencers looking to boost their Twitter followings.

New York State Attorney General Eric Schneiderman promptly opened an investigation into Devumi’s business practices and was quoted as saying, “The internet should be one of the greatest tools for democracy—but it’s increasingly being turned into an opaque, pay-to-play playground.”

Times readers may be surprised at the amount of fraud in their feeds, but those of us in the the social media marketing business have been watching this growing trend for quite a while.

Digiday shared some shocking statistics last year quantifying the size of the fraud problem in influencer marketing:

  • A single day’s worth of posts tagged #sponsored or #ad on Instagram contained more than 50 percent fake engagement.
  • Out of 118,007 comments, only 20,942 were not made by bot accounts.
  • Bot comments are responsible for over 40 percent of total comments for more than 500 of 2,000 sponsored posts made each day.

Because we don’t have time to wait for Twitter and Facebook to solve this problem, we at Sway Group had to develop and deploy our own processes to limit follower fraud. The influencer marketing industry will not continue to thrive without truth and transparency. Fortunately, there are preventative measures agencies can take to limit it.

Don’t let fraud devalue your influencer marketing

Don’t take any chances when it comes to weeding out fake followers in the campaigns you run. Clients are looking for authentic return-on-investment numbers. Internet fraud can potentially make those numbers meaningless.

Sway Group developed checklist to ensure that we work only with Influencers whose followers are fake-free. Here’s how it works.

Know your influencer

This is the basic credo. You have to really know the influencers you work with. We have teams dedicated to monitoring influencers’ social growth, the verbiage used in their followers’ comments and, importantly, the quality of their engagement.

If we see an unnatural spike in followers, we flag it internally and determine if the spike is warranted or bot-driven. We look at the kind of long-term engagement our influencers enjoy, not just activity in their most recent posts. We have a good idea what their feeds look like. We watch their natural rates of growth in followers and analyze the quality of engagements. We also know what kind of content performs well with their communities so that we can align them with campaigns they can truly help move the needle on.

We also have a dedicated quality assurance team reviewing each and every piece of content that goes live in a campaign to make sure that nothing looks off when the content is initially posted—this is primetime for bot-engagement.

Lastly, our insights and analytics team looks at campaign performance in aggregate and post-by-post to understand if any engagements (comments, likes) look suspicious.

As the final step of a campaign, influencers are rated on the quality of their content, engagement and performance. This helps us ensure that we continue to work with the best while avoiding anyone who doesn’t meet our quality standards for content and community.

If it sounds manual and nuanced, it is. But that human lens allows our team to be confident in our influencers’ performance.

Battling the bots

Inevitably, in this space, there will be an instance where you’ll run into bot engagement. The question is: How do you handle it? To maintain the integrity of the campaign—and the influencer marketing industry as a whole—we don’t count engagements that appear to be bot-driven.

If there’s any doubt, we remove the metrics from the influencer in question. Then, we reach out to the influencer, flagging the fake engagement. Sometimes they aren’t aware that it occurred, or the spam blockers on their blog were temporarily out of service. Other times, the influencer’s response tells us all we need to know, and we blacklist them from our network.

What could be more important to a brand that has invested thousands of dollars in an influencer campaign than getting truthful metrics on campaign ROI? While Twitter and Facebook work on solving the bot problem on their platforms, agencies have plenty of resources to apply against this growing issue.

We encourage influencer marketing professionals to help eradicate bot engagement. Working together, our industry is positioned to combat accounts that use these deceptive practices, while also creating an environment where cheating the system is not rewarded with partnerships.

It’s critical that we do this. The influencer marketing industry will not continue to thrive without truth and transparency.

Know what you’re looking for when monitoring for fraud

Here are criteria you can use to help you assess if an influencer is ethically and organically growing and driving engagement with his or her community:

  • Assess follower growth over time: When we notice significant growth in followers over a short period of time without a cause, we flag that influencer in our dashboard.
  • Assess engagement: Watch for recent engagement from accounts that look suspicious (i.e., username903i09) or unexplained significant growth in engagement in a short period of time.
  • Problems with engagement rate: Discrepancies between followers and engagements may signal a “fake” follower count (i.e., the influencer has 30,000 followers who are driving less than 100 engagements on posts).
  • Hashtags: The types of hashtags being used on a regular basis to drive engagement on influencers’ previous photos, filtering out anyone who relies on hashtags that are targets for spammers and bots (i.e. #likeforlike).
  • Assess historical campaign performance: We thoroughly research if an influencer provided great content on past campaigns that succeeded in driving positive impact. When working with an influencer for the first time, we carefully assess their community growth and engagement on other campaigns in the space.

Eliza Valdez is manager of insights at strategy at influencer marketing agency Sway Group.