Publicis Groupe chief Maurice Lévy earned a modest $3.1 million in compensation last year, a pittance compared with his peers.
Omnicom CEO John Wren, for instance, took home $24 million, while WPP's chief Martin Sorrell stands to collect shares worth $53 million as part of his 2014 compensation. Miles Nadal, the top exec at MDC Partners, received nearly $17 million, and Interpublic's CEO Michael Roth pocketed $13 million.
Since 2012, Lévy has not collected a base salary, with all of his compensation tied to performance criteria. (That compensation is capped at €5 million, which is currently worth $4.6 million.) At Publicis Groupe's annual meeting yesterday in Paris, Lévy's performance evaluation was shared for a year when the company's audacious plans to merge with rival Omnicom fell apart.
Lévy did not meet expectations on three of his four quantitative criteria: total shareholder return, increased earnings per share, and organic growth. However, he achieved results in increasing net income and was paid $1.6 million for doing so. (Net income fell 9 percent, but headline net income, which strips out various losses and costs like those related to the Publicis-Omnicom merger and Publicis' $3.7 billion acquisition of Sapient, rose 4.7 percent in 2014.)
The Publicis chief fared better with qualitative criteria. In updating the company's 2013 strategy with detailed plans to achieve objectives, Publicis said Lévy "partly achieved" his goals. That was also the case with his efforts to define the Groupe's future organizational structure and "implement a transitional phase," which presumably refers to Lévy's planned retirement in 2017. He was fully successful in raising the proportion of digital income to 50 percent of the Groupe's total revenue and was paid $1.4 million.
In a newly released yearbook of 2014 highlights, Lévy acknowledged the uneven performance and hinted that the negotiations and ultimate failure of the Omnicom merger might have been a distraction:
"It is true that  was a year of mixed results for Publicis Groupe, with 2 percent growth over the year, which falls short of both our abilities and expectations. The reasons are numerous and are due in part to the fact that our core management teams were too focused on other projects, which did not materialize."