2019 was a big year for streaming television. Media and tech companies old and new began charting their courses into the streaming space. Some upstart services, like Disney+, made a splash, while others, like Apple TV+, created only ripples. Other media companies worked in the background to outline their streaming debuts in 2020, and Viacom and CBS merged, creating another entertainment giant with formidable streaming power. Existing services like Netflix and Hulu invested heavily in programming (and in Hulu’s case, ad units). And as subscription video-on-demand services continued their upward trajectory, consumer abandonment of traditional pay TV also increased.