How Agencies Are Retooling for the Automated Ad Buy

Q&A with Jay Sears, svp of marketplace development for the Rubicon Project

If you want to know the ins and outs of programmatic, Jay Sears, svp of market development for the Rubicon Project, is probably the guy who should explain it to you. Sears has a long history with ambitious, technically complex ventures, notably the finance world’s vital Edgar Online tool. (Take it from a reporter: Edgar has made getting public financial data worlds easier.) Now, Sears is working to evangelize on behalf of automated buying technology like the platform Rubicon provides. It’s not going away, he says, and regardless of what platform or medium you sell ads for, you’re going to be seeing a lot more about programmatic soon.

Adweek: So, I think there’s confusion about what the difference between programmatic and real-time bidding is. Can you help us out?

Sears: It used to be that—and still, in many parts of the business, it is—that inventory was sold in gigantic blocks, and when you broke the block down, you’d find that part of it really worked for the situation you were in and part of it didn’t. The magic of programmatic is that it’s about de-averaging and it’s about data. De-averaging means you’re decomposing everything down to an impression level, and you’re using machines to look at it. You’re making decisions in milliseconds—and it’s very easy to make those decisions at the impression level and then reaggregate them so you can continue to buy at scale.

I’ve talked to people in a few markets who are totally unimpressed with programmatic buying, notably TV ad sales pros. But your company is called the Rubicon Project. You clearly believe that this is a change there’s no going back from.

The automation of the buying and selling of advertising is inevitable. You only need to look at history. Look at the stock market and the evolution of trading—look where it started. It started with over-the-counter stocks, and now every blue-chip name is automated. It started in travel with Sabre Systems, and originally Sabre Systems helped monetize unsold airplane tickets only on American Airlines. Now it’s the booking agent for essentially the entire travel industry. Look at something like eBay where the first items sold on eBay were Pez dispensers. EBay in its initial iteration was essentially a giant yard sale, and now a new car is sold on eBay every single minute. You can draw the same analogy to the buying and selling of advertising.

So the TV people are just completely wrong?

Automation will envelop anything that can be treated at scale. There’s always going to be a remaining piece that involves deep integration, manual work, custom content. We’re not talking about that. We are talking about everything else.

How is that changing agencies?

Well, when you look at a holding company, you’re talking about tens upon tens and maybe hundreds of thousands of people around the world, and if you listen to how some of the trading desk people talk, they’re organizing businesses around this march to automation. The Magna Global group is talking about the hub-and-spoke model. The planning function is taking place at their agencies, but they’re centralizing the buying function within Magna.

Is Magna’s hub-and-spoke idea the only new model?

No, other holding companies are doing it a little differently. Some agencies are doing what they call an “embedded” model. They take their trading specialist from the agency’s trading functions and actually put staff out into the operating agencies. This is about informing the advertising client much earlier about the benefits of automation.